Arachidonic acid, or ARA, is a polyunsaturated omega-6 fatty acid (PUFA) found throughout the body. It is the primary omega-6 fatty acid in the brain, representing about 48% of the omega-6 fats found there. ARA, in combination with DHA, is always present in breast milk and plays a key role in infant development. Together, they are considered conditionally essential nutrients1 during early life and are related to cognitive, visual and immune development during infancy and throughout childhood. Numerous studies highlight the importance of an adequate supply of ARA and DHA in infant development. The following information is based on available science.
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1Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations (FAO), 2010. FAO Food and Nutrition Paper 91.